Barossa Valley, South Australia


Region: Barossa Valley, SA
Grapes: Shiraz/cabernet
Soil: Clay loam to sandy
Climate: Mediterranean
Label of note:

Western Australia

Cabernet (Bordeaux blend)

Region: Margaret River, WA (33.9550° S, 115.0750° E)
Grapes: Cabernet (Bordeaux blend)
Soil: Gravelly/gritty, sandy loam
Climate: Mediterranean
Label of note:
Cullen Wines/Moss Wood

South America


Region: Mendoza, Argentina (32.8895° S, 68.8458° W)
Grapes: Malbec
Soil: Alluvial – loose sand over clay
Climate: Continental
Fun fact:
some of the highest altitude vineyards in the world

North America


Region: Napa Valley, California (38.5025° N, 122.2654° W)
Grapes: Zinfandel/cabernet
Soil: Southern end: sediments from San Pablo Bay
Northern end: large volumes of volcanic ash and lava
Climate: Mediterranean



Region: Rioja (42.2871° N, 2.5396° W)
Grapes: Tempranillo
Soil: Clay with high chalk and iron. Significant limestone, sandstone and alluvial silt.
Climate: Continental (I have excluded Baja here as it is suggested that it’s used more for blending?)



Region: Chateauneuf du Pape, Southern Rhone (44.0566° N, 4.8313° E)
Grapes: Grenache
Soil: Clay, generally covered with galets
Climate: Mediterranean
Fun fact: galets roulés, the small round pebbles that are seen throughout the region, are actually remnants from alpine glaciers that have been smoothed over millennia and now serve to retain the heat from the sun, releasing it at night to help the grapes ripen quicker.


Cabernet blend

Region: Bordeaux (44.8378° N, 0.5792° W)
Grapes: Cabernet blend (Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Petit Verdot)
Soil: Left bank: gravel based
Right bank: Clay and limestone
Climate: Maritime



Region: Campania (41.1099° N, 14.8475° E)
Grapes: Aglianico
Soil: Volcanic
Climate: Mediterranean

South Africa


Region: Stellenbosch (33.9321° S, 18.8602° E)
Grapes: Shiraz
Soil: Granite and sandstone with high clay content (meaning free draining)
Climate: Mixed maritime?

New Zealand

Cabernet & Merlot

Region: Gimblett Gravels, Hawke’s Bay (39.37° S, 176.45° E)
Grapes: Cabernet & Merlot
Soil: Plains: sandy loams over clay pans
Hill country: Clay and limestone
Havelock: Limestone
Gimblett Gravels: free-draining gravels that also serve to heat up and retain heat like the galets of Chateauneuf du Pape
Climate: Maritime
Fun fact: Hawke’s Bay soils are a veritable kaleidoscope of soils due to four rivers converging on the bay, bringing multiple influences. Gimblett Gravels were laid down by a river that changed course after a flood in 1867, leaving the gravel behind.